Places to Visit in Bikaner

Bikaner Tourism (2023): Best of Bikaner, India

Bikaner, a city in the northwestern state of Rajasthan, India, has a rich history, vibrant culture, and architectural marvels that attract tourists from around the world. Situated in the heart of the Thar Desert, Bikaner has flourished as an important trade center and princely state. In this detailed account, we will explore the history, culture, attractions, and unique aspects of Bikaner.

The history of Bikaner
The history of Bikaner

Historical Background: The history of Bikaner can be traced back to the late 15th century when it was founded by Rao Bika, a Rathore prince and a scion of the Jodhpur royal family. According to legends, Rao Bika established the city in 1488 and named it after himself. Bikaner’s strategic location along the ancient caravan routes contributed to its growth as a significant trading post.

Foundation of the State: Rao Bika, with his valor and leadership, laid the foundation of the Bikaner state. He expanded his territories by conquering neighboring areas and establishing a strong principality. Over time, the Rathore dynasty of Bikaner grew in power and prominence.

Rise of the Bikaner Kingdom: Raja Rai Singh, one of the notable rulers of Bikaner, ascended the throne in 1571. Under his rule, Bikaner experienced significant growth and prosperity. Raja Rai Singh was a distinguished general in the Mughal emperor Akbar’s court and played a crucial role in various military campaigns. He constructed impressive fortifications, palaces, and water reservoirs in Bikaner, contributing to the city’s architectural heritage.

Architectural Marvels: Bikaner is renowned for its architectural marvels that showcase a blend of Rajput and Mughal styles. One of the most iconic landmarks is the Junagarh Fort, built by Raja Rai Singh in the late 16th century. This magnificent fort boasts exquisite palaces, temples, courtyards, and intricately carved balconies. Its architecture reflects a perfect fusion of Mughal, Gujarati, and Rajput styles.

The Lalgarh Palace is another architectural gem in Bikaner. Constructed in the early 20th century, the palace exhibits a blend of Rajput, Mughal, and European architectural influences. It features grand halls, luxurious rooms, beautiful gardens, and a museum that displays a remarkable collection of artifacts, photographs, and artwork.

Cultural Heritage and Festivals: Bikaner is known for its rich cultural heritage, which is deeply rooted in Rajasthani traditions. The city’s vibrant folk music, dance forms like Ghoomar and Kalbeliya, and traditional arts and crafts reflect the local culture.

The city celebrates several colorful festivals that attract tourists from far and wide. The Bikaner Camel Festival is a unique event that showcases the beauty and majesty of camels. It features camel races, beauty contests, cultural performances, and traditional music and dance.

Another important festival in Bikaner is the Gangaur Festival, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Gauri (Parvati). This festival involves vibrant processions, women dressed in colorful attire, and traditional rituals. It provides a glimpse into the local customs and traditions of the region.

Why is Bikaner famous?
Why is Bikaner famous?

Cuisine: Bikaneri cuisine is famous for its delectable flavors and unique preparations. The city is known for its snacks and sweets, particularly the savory Bikaneri Bhujia and sweet delicacies like Rasgulla, Ghevar, and Balushahi. Bikaner’s cuisine is influenced by the desert region, with an emphasis on using locally available ingredients and spices.

Wildlife and Nature: Bikaner is home to several wildlife sanctuaries and reserves that offer a glimpse into the region’s diverse flora and fauna. The Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary, located on the banks of the Gajner Lake, is known for its migratory birds, including flamingos, pelicans, and cranes. The Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its population of blackbucks, an endangered antelope species.

Bikaner also boasts impressive sand dunes and desert landscapes, offering opportunities for desert safaris, camel rides, and experiencing the unique charm of the Thar Desert.

Conclusion: Bikaner, with its captivating history, architectural marvels, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality, provides visitors with an immersive experience. The city’s magnificent forts, palaces, temples, and the richness of its cultural heritage make it a must-visit destination in Rajasthan. From exploring the Junagarh Fort to savoring the flavors of Bikaneri cuisine, the city offers a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty, leaving an indelible mark on every traveler’s heart.

Why is Bikaner famous?

Bikaner is famousĀ for its savory Bikaneri Bhujia as it is for its sweets. It is also known for its handicrafts, and leather articles, and for having the biggest camel farm in Asia. The city is known for its intricately carved jharokas. These stone screens are found on the windows of forts and havelis.

Why Bikaner is called the Purple City of India?

There are several cities around the world that have been referred to as “Purple City” for various reasons. However, the most famous city known as the “Purple City” is likely the ancient city of Petra, located in modern-day Jordan.

Why Bikaner is called the Purple City of India?
Why Bikaner is called the Purple City of India?

Petra is known for its pinkish-purple sandstone cliffs and buildings, which were carved into the rock by the Nabataean people over 2,000 years ago. The city was an important center of trade and commerce in the ancient world, and its unique architecture and engineering feats, such as the Treasury and the Monastery, continue to attract tourists from around the world today.

Petra was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 and was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007. Its distinctive pinkish-purple hue has earned it the nickname of the “Rose City” as well.


What is Bikaner famous for?

Bikaner is famous for several things that make it a unique and noteworthy destination in India. Here are some of the highlights for which Bikaner is renowned:

  • Junagarh Fort: Bikaner is famous for its magnificent Junagarh Fort, which is one of the most well-preserved forts in Rajasthan. The fort’s impressive architecture, intricate carvings, and stunning palaces attract tourists from all over the world.
  • Bikaneri Bhujia: Bikaner is renowned for its delicious and crispy snack called “Bikaneri Bhujia.” It is a popular savory treat made from gram flour, spices, and vegetable oil. Bikaneri Bhujia has gained fame across India and is a must-try delicacy for visitors.
  • Camel Festival: The city hosts the annual Camel Festival, a unique event that showcases the beauty and significance of camels in Rajasthan’s culture. The festival includes camel races, beauty contests, traditional music and dance performances, and various cultural activities.
  • Lalgarh Palace: Bikaner’s Lalgarh Palace is a magnificent architectural masterpiece that showcases a blend of Rajput, Mughal, and European architectural styles. It now serves as a luxury heritage hotel and museum, attracting tourists with its grandeur and history.
  • Karni Mata Temple: Located in nearby Deshnoke, the Karni Mata Temple is famous for its large population of rats, considered sacred by devotees. Visitors come to the temple to seek blessings and witness the unique rat population living in harmony within the premises.
  • Bikaneri Miniature Paintings: Bikaner has a rich tradition of miniature paintings, which are highly admired for their intricate details and vibrant colors. These paintings often depict scenes from mythology, royal court life, and local folklore.
  • Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary: Situated near Bikaner, the Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its diverse flora and fauna. It is home to numerous migratory birds, including flamingos, pelicans, and cranes, making it a popular spot for birdwatching and wildlife enthusiasts.
  • Bikaneri Sweets: Bikaner is famous for its traditional sweets and desserts. Rasgulla, Ghevar, Balushahi, and various other sweet delicacies from Bikaner are highly sought after and known for their distinct flavors.
  • Camel Safaris: Bikaner’s location in the Thar Desert makes it an ideal place for camel safaris. Tourists can embark on camel rides and explore the desert landscapes, sand dunes, and traditional villages, immersing themselves in the unique desert experience.
  • Rich Cultural Heritage: Bikaner has a rich cultural heritage that is evident in its music, dance forms, arts, and crafts. The city’s folk music, particularly the soulful tunes of Manganiyars and Langas, is renowned, and traditional dance forms like Ghoomar and Kalbeliya are performed with grace and skill.

These are just a few of the things that make Bikaner famous. The city’s historical landmarks, culinary delights, vibrant festivals, and unique cultural offerings contribute to its charm and attract visitors from far and wide.

Why is Bikaner a purple city?

Bikaner is often referred to as the “Purple City” due to the predominant use of red sandstone in its architecture. The city’s buildings, including forts, palaces, and Havelis, are constructed using the locally available red sandstone, giving them a distinct reddish-purple hue. The extensive use of this stone in the construction of various structures has earned Bikaner its nickname.

Why is Bikaner a purple city?
Why is Bikaner a purple city?

The red sandstone used in Bikaner’s architecture is known as “Dulmera” or “Rajmudra.” This stone is characterized by its natural reddish color, which ranges from light pink to deep reddish-brown. It is a durable and weather-resistant material, making it ideal for building structures that can withstand the harsh desert climate.

The use of red sandstone not only provides a unique aesthetic appeal to the city’s architecture but also reflects the rich heritage and history of Bikaner. The red hues of the buildings create a striking contrast against the golden sands of the Thar Desert, enhancing the visual appeal of the city.

The Junagarh Fort, Lalgarh Palace, and various other historical structures in Bikaner are notable examples of the city’s distinct reddish-purple architecture. These structures, with their intricate carvings, ornate balconies, and majestic facades, stand as testaments to the architectural brilliance of Bikaner and its association with the Purple City epithet.

The nickname “Purple City” has become synonymous with Bikaner, showcasing its unique architectural style and making it easily recognizable among other cities in Rajasthan. The use of red sandstone has not only imparted a distinct identity to Bikaner but has also contributed to its cultural and historical significance.

What is the tradition of Bikaner?

Bikaner, like other cities in Rajasthan, has a rich tradition that is deeply rooted in its cultural heritage. The traditions of Bikaner encompass various aspects of daily life, festivals, arts, crafts, music, dance, and cuisine. Here are some of the notable traditions of Bikaner:

  • Rajasthani Hospitality: Bikaner is known for its warm hospitality and welcoming nature. The locals take pride in offering guests a traditional Rajasthani welcome, often including aarti (a Hindu ritual of offering light to deities) and tilak (a mark applied on the forehead) to honor visitors.
  • Royal Heritage: Bikaner has a strong association with its royal heritage. The traditions of the erstwhile ruling family are still preserved and celebrated. The city’s palaces, forts, and museums provide glimpses into the opulent lifestyle and royal customs of the past.
  • Rajasthani Attire: Traditional attire plays a significant role in Bikaner’s culture. Men often wear dhoti-kurta or traditional Rajasthani attire, while women adorn themselves with vibrant and intricately designed Rajasthani sarees, lehengas, and others (dupattas). These garments are known for their vibrant colors, mirror work, embroidery, and bandhani (tie-dye) patterns.
  • Folk Music and Dance: Bikaner is renowned for its vibrant folk music and dance forms. The region is known for the soulful performances of Manganiyars and Langas, who are traditional folk musicians. The traditional dance forms of Ghoomar, Kalbeliya, and Gair are also performed with great enthusiasm during festivals and cultural events.
  • Arts and Crafts: Bikaner has a rich tradition of arts and crafts, showcasing skilled craftsmanship. The city is known for its miniature paintings, pottery, leatherwork, lacquerware, and intricate woodcarvings. These crafts have been passed down through generations and contribute to Bikaner’s cultural heritage.
  • Festivals: Bikaner celebrates various festivals with great fervor. The Bikaner Camel Festival, Karni Mata Fair, Gangaur Festival, and Teej are among the popular festivals celebrated in the city. These festivals showcase vibrant processions, cultural performances, traditional rituals, and a display of local art and craft forms.
  • Cuisine: Bikaneri cuisine is known for its unique flavors and specialties. The city is famous for its snacks like Bikaneri Bhujia, a spicy savory snack made from gram flour, and traditional sweets like Rasgulla, Ghevar, and Balushahi. The cuisine often includes rich flavors, generous use of spices, and an assortment of vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes.

These are some of the traditions that define the cultural fabric of Bikaner. The city’s rich heritage, hospitality, colorful attire, folk music and dance, arts and crafts, festive celebrations, and delectable cuisine contribute to a vibrant and distinctive cultural experience for both locals and visitors.

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